Everything You Need to Know Before Getting a Dachshund

Dachshunds, also known as wiener dogs, are a popular breed of small dogs that are loved by many. They have long bodies and short legs which make them stand out from other breeds. Dachshunds were originally bred in Germany to hunt badgers but have now become a beloved companion for many households around the world.

Before getting a dachshund, there are several important things you should know about this breed. In this guide, we will cover everything you need to know before bringing home your new furry friend.

History and Origin

The name “dachshund” comes from the German word “dachs” which means badger, and “hund” meaning dog. They were originally bred in Germany during the 16th century to hunt small animals such as badgers, foxes and rabbits. Their long body, short legs and sharp sense of smell made them ideal for hunting in narrow spaces like burrows.

Physical Characteristics

Dachshunds come in three different coat types: smooth, wirehaired and longhaired. The smooth-coated dachshunds have a short and shiny coat, while the wirehaired ones have a rougher coat with wiry hair on their body and beard-like facial hair. Longhaired dachshunds have a soft and silky coat that can be either straight or slightly wavy.

One of the most distinctive features of a dachshund is its long body and short legs. They usually weigh between 11 to 32 pounds (5-15 kg) depending on their size. Dachshunds also have long droopy ears and a friendly, alert expression.


Dachshunds are known to be intelligent, playful, and independent dogs. They are also fiercely loyal to their owners and make great companions. However, they can sometimes have a stubborn streak which can make training a bit challenging. It’s important to establish yourself as the pack leader from the beginning to avoid any behavioral issues.

Although dachshunds were bred as hunting dogs, they have adapted well to domestic life. They love spending time with their families and can become quite attached to their human companions. However, it’s important to socialize them early on to prevent any aggressive behavior towards strangers or other animals.


Like all breeds, dachshunds are prone to certain health issues such as intervertebral disc disease, hip dysplasia, and obesity. It’s important to monitor their weight and avoid overfeeding as it can put unnecessary strain on their long spine. Regular exercise is also crucial for keeping them in good physical shape.

Dachshunds also have a high risk of developing back problems due to their unique body structure. As such, it’s important to handle them carefully and avoid activities that may cause strain on their back.


The grooming needs of a dachshund will depend on its coat type. Smooth-coated dachshunds require minimal grooming, while longhaired and wirehaired ones need more frequent brushing to prevent matting. All types should have their nails trimmed regularly to avoid discomfort and potential injury.

While they may not require as much grooming as other breeds with longer coats, dachshunds do shed moderately year-round. Regular brushing can help control shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.


As mentioned earlier, dachshunds can be quite stubborn which can make training a bit challenging. It’s essential to use positive reinforcement techniques to keep them motivated and engaged. Consistency and patience are key when training a dachshund, as they respond best to gentle but firm guidance. Enrolling your dachshund in obedience classes can be beneficial in reinforcing good behavior and socialization skills.

If you’re looking for specialized assistance, you might consider options for service dog training in Salt Lake City, UT. Experienced trainers in this area can provide tailored programs that cater to your dog’s specific needs, further enhancing their training process.

Exercise Needs

Dachshunds, despite their small size, are an energetic breed that requires regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are crucial for keeping them physically and mentally fit. Activities such as fetch or interactive toys can help burn off some of their energy and prevent boredom.


Getting a dachshund can be a rewarding experience, but it requires understanding their unique needs and characteristics. By familiarizing yourself with their history, physical traits, temperament, health concerns, grooming, and training needs, you can provide your dachshund with the best care possible and form a strong bond with them. Remember to always consult a professional if you have any specific concerns or questions about your dachshund’s well-being. 

So, before bringing home your new furry companion, make sure you are prepared to give them the love and attention they deserve! Keep in mind that owning a pet is a responsibility and should not be taken lightly.

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